perfume_infograph_final

Fragrance and the 19th Century

Fragrance and the 19th Century Infograph

 

This project is a re-design of an infograph I did about the period of woodtype. This time, though, I wanted to use woodtype but not actually talk about it. Instead, I wanted to find an aspect of the 19th century to use the woodtype to depict.

First, I started with looking into the 19th century and the Victorian Era.

I also started making a mind map to help me find an interesting topic.

img20170418_13460674_cropped

 

Victorian Era:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victorian_America

  • overview of the era

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilded_Age

  • overview of the guilded age

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victorian_morality

  • morality in Victorian England

Victorian Children in Victorian Times

Victorian Inventions

http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/the-victorian-eras-strange-love-of-disembodied-hands

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victorian_fashion

  • overview of the changes in Victorian fashion (mainly women’s fashion)

http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.montclair.edu:2048/eds/detail/detail?sid=7872e890-e773-4664-8b04-63a70bac51bd@sessionmgr4010&vid=3&hid=4202&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ==#AN=wapo.3e010f9e-73c6-11e6-be4f-3f42f2e5a49e&db=pwh

  • how the Victorian era really smelled and real life

 

Wild West:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_frontier

  • overview of the old west

 

Evolution:

http://www.nas.edu/evolution/TheoryOrFact.html

  • is evolution a theory or a fact

I also came across a TV show called Genius featuring Stephen Hawking explaining evolution through an experiment involving ordinary people. The episode was Episode 5: What are we? and it was the first time I got an actual understaning of how evolution occurs.

 

Perfume:

The Victorians: from violet posies to va-va-voom

  • quick overview of Victorian Era perfume

Fragrance: The Story of Perfume from Cleopatra to Chanel by Edwin T. Morris

  • this book was not as in depth as I would have liked but it did give overviews to the advancements in the Victorian Era

http://science.howstuffworks.com/perfume.htm

  • overview of how perfume works, how we smell perfume, and how it is marketed to us

http://www.rsc.org/images/Fragrance_tcm18-142947.pdf

  • the structure of the molecule is what makes something smell a certain way and those can be changed to give a certain scent and new discoveries in molecules spur a fragrance trend and why they all smell alike

http://cactus.dixie.edu/smblack/chem1010/lecture_notes/2d_chemistry_of_smell.pdf

  • this is a slide show about molecules, smell, and molecular structure and the difference between natural and artificial molecules

A Victorian Lady’s Guide to Perfume

  • discusses the changes in perfume throughout the era

http://www.fragrancesoftheworld.com/FragranceWheel

  • this site has the wheel of fragrance families but it seems to leave a couple out

***other cultures have more words for describing scents than we do

https://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/200711/the-hidden-force-fragrance

  • this gave a little on the power that scents have on your brain including confidence and cognitive performance

http://www.cosmopolitan.co.uk/beauty-hair/beauty-trends/a39553/scent-psychology-perfumes-power-up-confidence/

  • this article gave tips about what perfumes to wear when which could be useful in the infographic

***get the advancements from era

http://www.sciencecamps.psu.edu/news/2014-news/pdfs/science-of-perfume-valentines-day-science

  • this helped brake down the chemistry further

High on Fragrance: The Nineteenth-Century Perfume Launcher

  • people then were weary of synthetic chemicals in their perfumes just as they are today

http://www.encyclopedia.com/sports-and-everyday-life/fashion-and-clothing/clothing-jewelry-and-personal-adornment/perfume

and

http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Perfume.html

  • good info on the making and materials used

https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/benzene.html

  • what benzene is so I know what they used it for

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terpene

  • what terpene is so I know what they used it for

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turpentine

  • what turpentine is so I know what they used it for

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perfume

  • this gave a more clear picture of synthetics vs natural oils

https://scentandmolecules.wordpress.com/tag/coumarin/

  • about coumarin and how it is made synthetically

Methods of Extracting Essential Oils

  • methods for extracting essential oils

 

 

Are Synthetic Scents Bad?:

http://www.rsc.org/images/Fragrance_tcm18-142947.pdf

  • this article which is also above talked about how a scent chemist (if you will) goes about making synthetic fragrances and by isolating and changing compounds which actually did not make synthetic scents seem that harmful

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/maria-rodale/five-mustknows-on-the-dan_b_4737654.html

  • quick article on what is bad in fragrences

The Truth About Phthalates

  • what phthalates are and where they are found

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/toxic-perfumes-and-colognes/

http://www-tc.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/julian/media/lrk-disp-natvssynth.pdf

  • very simple breakdown of the difference between natural and synthetically made molecules which supports the first article

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/natural-vs-synthetic-chemicals-is-a-gray-matter/

  • this article discusses the gray area of the natural vs synthetic

https://www2.chemistry.msu.edu/faculty/reusch/virttxtjml/aldket1.htm

  • breakdown and diagram of aldehydes which are replicated for fragrances and are said to be harmful synthics

So I would say that they are not completely bad and I need more info on the petrochemicals they say are used to make synthetic fragrances. The 19th century then did most likely expand fragrances into uncharted territory.

example:

natural-vs-synthetic-defined-in-a-Venn-Diagram

 

 

After figuring out what topic I was going to go with I looked into infographs themselves.

Infographic: a visual image such as a chart or diagram used to represent information or data, aka. data visualization

 

History of Infographics:

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/surprising-history-infographic-180959563/

  • infographics have been around since mapping geography but it wasn’t until the 19th century that data was extensively collected and then organized via charts

 

19th century Infographics:

Florence_Nightingale-mortality By Florence Nightingale

info_19_57746a4b3fb29acda41869701dcf05e5 info_19_dc302c72a9e3fcfe7155585d74aecdb2 info_19_772311251678282666 info_19_772311251832432042 info_19_772311251980765354 info_19_772311252347844522 info_19_772311252528718506 info_19_772311252719984810 info_19_41f483f58b0b3ec02b28f537717c32ed info_19_image-20141209-32171-155o7ja

Modern Infographs:

info_19_large info_Global-Emissions info_4709496785_bdac3a8161_z info_On-Words-Political-Infographic info_19_9a849c80838cb568a232f6ab45ad6d97_l

 

 

Sfumato_20160103_infographic-Epiphany-web Sfumato_20160105_infographic-Gravitas-web

For these I was just looking at how they were handling the woodcut illustrations and information.

 

Perfume Exhibitions:

I also looked into how historical perfume is normally presented.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mary-orlin/museum-of-arts-and-design-perfume_b_2193247.html

http://www.museesdegrasse.com/en/presentation-museum

  • the international perfume museum

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/destinations/europe/france/paris/articles/le-grand-musee-du-parfum–an-immersive-multi-sensory-perfume-jou/

  • about the grand museum of perfume in paris

I looked at the Grand Museum of Perfume in Paris but I cannot put the URL here because it does not come up correctly

  • the grand museum of perfume in paris which is more about the sensation of olfaction than historical info about perfume

 

  • once upon a time perfume scratch n’ sniff book by Annick Le Guérer

 

  • about the company Osmotheque

 

http://www.osmotheque.fr/en/

http://www.osmotheque.fr/en/2016/04/14/le-santal-lorsquun-bois-precieux-devient-parfum-2/

  • Osmotheque blog where they talk about different materials and other news … that is written in French

 

 

Books:

IMG_0037

I got a good amount of information about 19th century perfume from this book.

IMG_0034 IMG_0033

These are the books that I pulled all of my woodtype from.

 

Sketches:

img20170418_14054764_cropped

img20170427_16442658_cropped

These are sketches of my ideas for infographs.

 

First Infographs:

perfume infograph-01

 

perfume infograph_2-01

The final infograph was a compilation of these two. I made two initially because I was not sure how the information should be presented. so one is a graphed timeline and the other is strictly a timeline.

 

inforgraph_2_vert_1-01 inforgraph_2_vert_2-01 inforgraph_2_vert_3-01 inforgraph_2_vert_4-01 inforgraph_2_vert_5-01 inforgraph_3_vert_1-01

 

Final Infographic:

perfume_infograph_final

This final piece is meant to be displayed as part of a website article where
one would only see part of the infograph at one time.

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